Kawasaki Disease in Infants & Young Children Causes and Treatment | Relationship between coronavirus and Kawasaki disease

Kawasaki Disease in Infants & Young Children Causes and Treatment | Relationship between coronavirus and Kawasaki disease


Kawasaki is a disease that mainly affects the skin, face and lymph nodes of the body. This disease specifically affects children under the age of four to five. In addition, heart disease can be the cause. If this disease is detected, the doctor can treat it well. In the case of many young children, the disease is cured on its own without any treatment. The disease is characterized by blisters on the skin and swelling of the neck. Many people do not have any idea about Kawasaki, what it Kawasaki? and how Kawasaki happens?, let us tell you in detail about the causes of Kawasaki disease in this article.

What is the cause of Kawasaki disease?

The exact cause of Kawasaki disease is not yet known, although research is ongoing. Some doctors say that this problem can occur in children due to weakened immune system and any physical problems. This has not yet been confirmed.

In some cases it may be genetic.

May be due to exposure to any type of virus or bacteria.
In some cases, it may be due to chemical reasons.

Some risk factors—

Boys are more at risk than girls.

The risk of winter and the monsoon is high. 

It occurs in children under five years of age.

Children in Asia and continents are more likely to get the disease.

The idea is that in some cases, the body's immune system becomes too active to deal with a bacterial infection in children. As a result, it destroys germs as well as creates vasculitis in its own body. However, research is also talking about genetic involvement.

What are the symptoms of Kawasaki disease?

Kawasaki disease occurs very early in children and takes time to manifest symptoms. This disease increases the risk of heart disease, and it can take a week or two for symptoms to develop. Some more symptoms are also seen.
  • Children have a fever.
  • Yellowing of the skin.
  • Rash on the skin.
  • Swelling of hands and feet.
  • Redness of the skin.
  • Swelling of the tongue.
  • Pain in the joints
  • Diarrhea.
  • Nausea.
  • Throat swelling.
  • Pain and discomfort in the mouth and lips. 

If your child's fever does not go down or lasts for more than three days, take your child to the clinic. In addition, if there is any problem in the baby's skin, red eyes, swollen lymph glands, skin rashes, etc., contact the doctor without delay.

Other common symptoms include swollen lymph nodes on both sides of the neck, a rash around the genitals, dark redness of the eyes, lips or tongue, and even blood on the soles of the feet. In some cases, the child may have an aneurysm in the coronary artery. In many cases, the disease is mistaken for Scarlet Fever or Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis. Kawasaki disease may be recovered within 3-4 weeks.

What is the treatment of Kawasaki disease?

Kawasaki disease causes fever in the child, skin and inflammatory problems. For which the doctor advises medicine. It contains some drugs, such as aspirin, that prevent blood clots from forming. With this in mind, you should not take any medicine without asking Medicare.

In some cases, the doctor may prescribe corticosteroid medication, this drug contains hormones and chemicals that affect the body. If IVIG medications do not work, this drug is usually given and corticosteroid medication may be recommended to cause heart related problems in the baby.

Infravenous immunoglobulin is also called IVIGO.  Also, antibiotics contain a protein that protects the immune system from germs and bacteria. After giving it to babies, their symptoms begin to subside within 30 to 36 hours.

If your child does not improve after 36 hours, the doctor may prescribe another dose.

Aspirin is given to the child to relieve the fever, the doctor may give small doses of aspirin after six to eight weeks to reduce the symptoms. If heart disease does not develop a problem to reach the blood vessels, drugs are given to reduce blood clots.

The most common treatment for Kawasaki is aspirin and immunoglobulin. However, Dr. Randolph and his team have had great success using immunoglobulins as well as gluco-corticoids, interleukin-6 inhibitors, and interleukin-1Ra inhibitors. However, if the symptoms of the disease appear, there is no way to give treatment at home. It is hoped that Kavid-19 will be contagious but Kawasaki will not be contagious and will return home in a few days if the disease is properly diagnosed.

How to prevent Kawasaki disease?

There was no cure for Kawasaki. The research is going on.

Complications of Kawasaki disease?

Kawasaki disease can have the following complications.

  • Abnormal heartbeat.
  • Swelling of the heart muscles.
  • Inflammation of blood vessels.
  • Coronary artery aneurysm.
  • Heart valve damage.
  • Other complications of Kawasaki disease
  • Having problems with the pair.
  • Having gallbladder problems.
  • It affects the eyelids.
  • Problems with inflammation in brain tissue.
If you would like more information and treatment about Kawasaki disease, contact an orthopedic and screen care specialist.

What is the relationship between coronavirus and Kawasaki disease?

We generally know that Kavid-19 enters the human body, attacks the respiratory system and manifests other associated symptoms, including severe shortness of breath. But this deadly virus not only attacks the respiratory system, it also greatly stimulates the body's immune system. 

What does the research paper say?

Dr. Lucio Vargani and his team, The Lancet, reported in the journal on May 13 that the number of Kawasaki cases among children in the Italian province of Bergamo had increased 30-fold in the past five years, all of them Kavid-19 positive. And there is ample evidence of macrophage-phagocytic system activity in children. Encouraging success has been found in the treatment of Kawasaki and the same treatment.

Of the 16 children diagnosed with autoimmune multi-system inflammatory syndrome (average age 7.3 years) in the United States, 74 (40%) had symptoms of Kawasaki and all had fever for 4-5 days. It is also worth noting that almost all of them have improved the medical system for Kawasaki disease.

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